By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary supplies a accomplished survey of the full diversity of historic close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the improvement of the important kinds of historical structure inside their geographical and historic context, and describes beneficial properties of significant websites reminiscent of Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to a few of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the differences of regular historical architectural buildings reminiscent of pyramids, tombs and homes, info the construction fabric and methods hired, and clarifies expert terminology.
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
Access to the cella was via a series of vestibules and the HILAMMAR. The segregation of the sanctuary from the rest of the temple is also emphasised by the use of granite instead of the limestone employed elsewhere. The masonry is composed of very large blocks, probably dressed in situ. The citadel, Büyükkale, was erected on the highest part of the hillside and surrounded by a buttressed wall with a single fortified gate. Public and residential buildings were loosely grouped around several irregularly shaped courtyards on the rising ground, with the royal residence at the top, of which very little remains.
The Phrygians and Lydians, who established kingdoms in the first half of the 1st millennium, had little impact on the architecture of Anatolia. The Phrygians did develop curious rock-cut monuments with a gabled facade imitating a house and decorated with geometrical patterns. The internal arrangement of rooms also recalls the layout of houses. It is not certain whether they were intended as tombs or shrines. , Tübingen 1971) annulet The slightly projecting ring around the shaft of a column. 14 antae A term derived from classical architecture for the projecting lateral walls of a singleroom building which provide an open porch.
The normal population was around 26 100,000 but it has been estimated that up to a quarter of a million people may have actually lived in ‘greater Babylon’. Most of the public buildings were situated in the Inner City of roughly square plan, bisected by the Euphrates into two unequal parts. The famous double walls were pierced by eight gates, all named after gods, and the most splendidly decorated one was the Ishtar Gate since the ritual processions on the occasion of the Babylonian New Year festival had to pass through it.
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture by Gwendolyn Leick